һһ*

ʱ:2021-11-27 08:23:57

˾жţ񲿣Ҫһ洢ռ䣬ԴЭĵ
ʹ£


һĿ¼˾ͬ¶Զд
ÿԼĿ¼òԱд
ÿŲܿŵĿ¼


󣬱ķֱSambaNFSʵ֡

CentOS7.x 64λ
Samba洢

yum install -y samba
ƴ2


ԭļsmb.conf

cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.org
vim /etc/samba/smb.conf



ƴ[global]
workgroup = WORKGROUP
security = user
server string = seal samba server %v
netbios name = SealSamba
# map to guest = Bad User
passdb backend = tdbsam
config file = /etc/samba/%G.smb.conf
ƴ# ½ļsoftware.smb.confͲļfinance.smb.conf
vim /etc/samba/software.smb.conf
vim /etc/samba/finance.smb.conf



ƴ[]
comment = Public Stuff
path = /home/share/public
public = no
read only = no
writable = yes
create mask = 0644
directory mask = 0755
force user = nobody
force group = nobody
valid users = @software
admin users = @software
read list = @software
write list = @software


[]
comment =
path = /home/share/software
public = no
valid users = @software
admin users = @software
read list = @software
write list = @software
read only = no
writable = yes
create mask = 0644
directory mask = 0755
ƴ[]
comment =
path = /home/share/public
public = no
valid users = @finance
admin users = @finance
read list = @finance
write list = @finance
writable = yes
create mask = 0644
directory mask = 0755
force user = nobody
force group = nobody


[]
comment =
path = /home/share/
public = no
valid users = @finance
admin users = @finance
read list = @finance
write list = @finance
writable = yes
create mask = 0644
directory mask = 0755
ƴ3½ûû飬Ȩ


½û飺

groupadd software


½û飺

groupadd finance


½ûӵû

useradd -g software zhangsan


½ûģӵû

useradd -g finance lisi


ɾûû

groupdel û
userdel û


ӵsamba

smbpasswd -a zhangsan
smbpasswd -a lisi


sambaɾû

smbpasswd -x û
ƴ4Ŀ¼
mkdir -p /home/share/public
mkdir -p /home/share/software
mkdir -p /home/share/


޸û

chown -R nobody:nobody /home/share/public
ƴ5񣬷
systemctl start smb
ƴ5.1 Windows


Դֱַ룺


ӳ


Ч


5.2 Mac


NFS洢
1˰װ
yum install -y nfs-utils



systemctl start rpcbind
systemctl start nfs


ǽ

firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service={rpc-bind,mountd,nfs}
firewall-cmd --reload
ƴ2ùĿ¼
mkdir /data
chmod 755 /data


vim /etc/exports



ƴ/data/ 192.168.0.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash,no_all_squash)
ƴ
/data: Ŀ¼λá
192.168.0.0/24: ͻ IP Χ* Уûơ
rw: Ȩãɶд
sync: ͬĿ¼
no_root_squash: ʹ root Ȩ
no_all_squash: ʹͨûȨ


*nfs

systemctl restart nfs


鱾ع洢Ŀ¼

showmount -e localhost


£

ƴExport list for localhost:
/data 192.168.0.0/24
ƴ3Windowsͻʹ
3.1 װ
Windows װ NFS ͻˣͬ Windows 汾װʽһ


Windows Server 2008


servermanagercmd.exe -install FS-NFS-Services


Windows 7


͹ - ر Widnows - NFS


Windows Server 2012


ӹܽɫ - ļӡ - NFS ͻ


Windows 10


͹ - ر Widnows - NFS


3.2 鿴uidgid
id root


uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root)
ע⣺ root ΪҪǰȫأ޸ΪӦȨ޵û

ƴԿ uid=0, gid=0Ҫ Windows ͻϽ
3.2 Windows


ע

regedit
ƴ
λһ HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftClientForNFSCurrentVersionDefault
DWORD ֵƷֱΪ AnonymousUid AnonymousGid
UID GID ֵΪ 0
* Windows ϵͳ (* NFS Client )


3.3 ļ
mount 192.168.0.110:/data X:


ж

umount X:


ע⣺ͨأ*ʱԶء

ƴ3.4 Զ


˵
ڵļԻУڹҵ ӳ
ַ X:
ļ 192.168.0.110:/data
ȷ ¼ʱ ǹѡģñʾ¼ʱԶعĿ¼


4Linuxͻʹ
4.1 װ
yum install -y nfs-utils
systemctl enable rpcbind
systemctl start rpcbind
ƴ4.2 ͻ


ͻ˲鿴

showmount -e 192.168.0.110


ͻ˴Ŀ¼

mkdir /data


ͻ

mount -t nfs 192.168.0.101:/data /data


ͻ˲鿴

mount
ƴ4.3 NFS
cd /data
touch 1.txt
ƴ4.4 ͻԶ
vim /etc/fstab


ã

ƴ#


/etc/fstab
Created by anaconda on Thu May 25 13:11:52 2017

Accessible filesystems, by reference, are maintained under /dev/disk
See man pages fstab(5), findfs(8), mount(8) and/or blkid(8) for more info

/dev/mapper/cl-root / xfs defaults 0 0
UUID=414ee961-c1cb-4715-b321-241dbe2e9a32 /boot xfs defaults 0 0
/dev/mapper/cl-home /home xfs defaults 0 0
/dev/mapper/cl-swap swap swap defaults 0 0
192.168.0.110:/data /data nfs defaults 0 0

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